The roots of the movement “lie in the classic fascist 1930s and 1940s, although the focus is a bit on Turanism – the Greater Turkish ideology,” explains journalist Thomas Rammerstorfer.

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The roots of the movement “lie in the classic fascist 1930s and 1940s, although the focus is a bit on Turanism – the Greater Turkish ideology,” explains journalist Thomas Rammerstorfer.

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The so-called wolf salute is now banned in Austria. Yet you see him again and again. Who are the “Gray Wolves”? What do they stand for? And how many club members are there in Austria? Answers to the most important questions.

What do the “gray wolves” stand for?

The roots of the movement “lie in the classic fascist 1930s and 1940s, although the focus is a bit on Turanism – the Greater Turkish ideology,” explains journalist Thomas Rammerstorfer. At the time of the Second World War, the “Gray Wolves” or their predecessor organizations were “strongly supported by Nazi Germany” – in order to keep Turkey “at least neutral and pro German”.

According to the German Office for the Protection of the Constitution, the right-wing extremist movement propagates “excessive nationalism, coupled with the idea of ​​an ethnically homogeneous society”. For them, violence is a “means of resolving conflicts,” said Rammerstorfer. According to him, their views are anti-Semitic, racist and dictatorial-militaristic. In the past few years they have “somewhat united nationalism with political Islam”. But there are also members, the expert emphasized, who are averse to Islam because it is not originally Turkish.

The most important party in Turkey for the “Gray Wolves” is the far-right Nationalist Movement (MHP), the junior partner of the ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP) of President Recep Tayyip Erdogan.

Where does the name come from?

They call themselves “Ülkücü” followers – in German the word “Ülkücü” means something like “idealism”. Its symbol is the “gray wolf” (Bozkurt), which comes from an old Turkish myth and is supposed to symbolize the strength and aggressiveness of the movement, as the German Federal Agency for Civic Education states.

How are the “gray wolves” organized?

In the Turkish Federation in Austria a total of 20 associations of the “gray wolves” are combined. Then, according to Rammerstorfer, there are four to five splinter groups. The Turkish Federation provides two religious communities – ten associations each – in the Islamic Religious Community (IGGÖ).easy essay help

The Turkish Federation runs cultural and sports clubs. “You do everything in the area of ​​social coexistence”, explains Rammerstorfer with a view to football tournaments, children’s parties and Kirtage. In the clubs, the children and young people would be indoctrinated.

In addition to the clubs, the expert emphasizes, there are also “youth cultures that are more subculturally inspired”. For them, the “gray wolves” mean youth culture that embodies masculinity, nationalism and solidarity. Young people would also become radicalized via the Internet and youth gangs.

Over the Turkish Federation in Austria there is also a European umbrella organization based in Germany. Then only Turkey stands above it. “Important decisions” would be made in Ankara or Istanbul, so Rammerstorfer said, referring to the Austrian branch: There is “very little where you do not have to ask for permission in advance” in Turkey.

How many club members are there in Austria?

Rammerstorfer estimates the number of association members in Austria at 2,000 people.

What is your distinguishing mark?

Two fingers spread apart as ears and the other three formed into a snout – this is what the Turkish wolf salute looks like. The wolf symbol goes back to a legend in Turkish mythology. According to this, a she-wolf led a Turkic people from the legendary Ergenekon valley in the early Middle Ages. In Austria the identification mark of the “gray wolves” is now banned.

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The “Tiger King” has lost his former private zoo to his worst archenemy: A federal court in Oklahoma City awarded the animal rights activist Carole Baskin the big cat zoo of Joe Exotic, known from the Netflix documentary series of the same name. After years of litigation, Baskin is taking over the six-acre facility south of Oklahoma City.

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The opposition has today again called for the resignation of Wolfgang Sobotka (ÖVP) as chairman of the Ibiza committee of inquiry. As the parliamentary group leaders of the SPÖ, FPÖ and NEOS announced in a joint press conference, the public prosecutor’s office is investigating investigations against an association whose president is Sobotka. The judiciary has not yet harbored any concrete initial suspicions.

The three parties have long considered Sobotka to be biased and unsuitable to chair the Ibiza committee of inquiry. One argument for this is that the ÖVP politician is also president of the “Alois Mock Institute”. This association, based in St. Pölten, has received money from the gaming group Novomatic in recent years, whose involvement in the casino affair and alleged hidden party donations is now being examined.

The “Alois Mock Institute” was a topic in the investigation committee two weeks ago. According to the opposition politicians, it has been known since Thursday evening that there are now official investigations into the association. “If a president is the subject of an investigation, he cannot chair the committee of inquiry,” said SP parliamentary group leader Kai Jan Krainer, calling for Sobotka’s departure. In addition, Sobotka is called in any case as a witness: “A chairman of a committee of inquiry has never been called. If someone knows that he is being called, then he withdraws.”

No preliminary investigation has yet been initiated

According to APA information, the judiciary has not yet initiated an investigation into the Alois Mock Institute. Rather, the public prosecutor checks on the basis of an anonymous tip whether there is sufficient “initial suspicion”. The judiciary does not have any further files on this. Should a procedure be initiated, the Ministry of Justice announced in the letter addressed to the National Council that it would rather not provide any documents in order not to endanger any coercive measures.

Sobotka reported this letter to the parliamentary groups on Thursday evening. For FP parliamentary group leader Christian Hafenecker, his resignation is “inevitable”. NEOS parliamentary group leader Stephanie Krisper also emphasizes that she has long referred to Sobotka’s “apparent bias”. After all, his former press spokesman was later at Novomatic and will be a “central issue” in the U-Committee: “Here Wolfgang Sobotka is permanently damaging the office of the chairman, the office of the president of the National Council and himself.”

How much money the Novomatic transferred to the Alois Mock Institute is not known. A spokesman put the income from advertisements for 2019 at 5,250 euros. The sponsorships and advertisements for the previous years are not known. In addition, the Lower Austrian Association, which is close to the ÖVP, is supported by companies in the vicinity of the State of Lower Austria.

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The government’s promise in Corona times is: everyone will be helped. A fact check is used to check whether this slogan also applies

Right at the beginning of the lockdown, the state’s obligation to pay compensation for official closures, as provided for in the 1950 Epidemic Act, was canceled. Section 32 stipulates that the state has to reimburse entrepreneurs for the loss of earnings and wage costs caused by the officially ordered company closure. This cancellation was justified by the fact that extensive aid packages will cushion the economic disadvantages for the entrepreneurs concerned. In contrast to the reimbursement obligation provided for in the Epidemic Act, politicians now decide who is to be helped and to what extent. The COVID-19 support measures provide for a bring and not a collect obligation. A playground for clientele politics.

While the corporations at Kurz Co, no one really cares about the fate of SMEs. They neither have a lobby nor are they eligible as financial supporters for the parties, and they have to deal with the bureaucratic hurdles in connection with the funding applications. Almost 40 percent of SMEs are not eligible for funding beyond the de minimis limit due to the restrictive definition of equity specified by the Commission, although there is no threat to their existence. As a result, they get to kiss the hand through no fault of their own and fight for survival. The announcement “Everyone will be helped” turns out to be a sham. Not a weaving error, but a deliberate strategy – otherwise you would have had enough time to loosen the eligibility criteria and simplify the process.

The situation is completely different for companies that dominate the market. You indicate the direction and help yourself to the conveyor pots as you wish. For example, the AUA: The Lufthansa subsidiary receives 150 million euros in non-repayable grants, 300 million euros in loans with state liability and short-time work support until 2022. In total, the reach into the state treasury is one billion euros. Outwardly, the 23 PR advisors in the Federal Chancellery communicate an amount of 450 million euros, and the media – most of the journalists from the domestic affairs department are with Federal Chancellor Sebastian Kurz per you – take over these figures without any ifs or buts. Message control also includes disciplining reporting by threatening to withdraw advertisements. If you write critically, you will not receive any advertising. The extension of short-time working until 2022 alone costs taxpayers 550 million euros. This Lex-AUA funding is simply excluded from the calculation in order to be able to sell the result of the negotiation as a success.

The principle of “privatize profits and socialize losses” rules behind the scenes. Lufthansa has profited from the AUA’s profits over the past seven years. Now there is funding in the billions without participation or a say, although the Federal Chancellor recently formulated participation as a condition for the aid in the “ZIB 2” interview. The AUA has already announced that it intends to cut 1,100 employees and the remaining employees will have to accept substantial wage cuts. In connection with state aid, this cost reduction is a guarantee that the company’s value will increase, although the state will not benefit from it due to a lack of participation. And the Greens have to agree to this support for an update of the CO2 policy and receive ecological crumbs in return; the negotiated slight reduction in CO2 emissions is negligible and does not make a substantial contribution to a climate change. A sedative pill for Kogler Co not wake up in reality and realize that they have nothing to say and are only needed as a majority funder.

The AUA is not an isolated case. The demands of global players are also being listened to in other branches of the economy. Nobody minds that the EU competition rules fall by the wayside. The virus exposes the true balance of power in turbo capitalism: Make the Group of Companies great again. The big ones get bigger; the little ones fall by the wayside. That is the bitter truth.

This comment originally appeared in News Issue No. 24/20

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